The experiments and trials for the use of the coconut fibers in the agriculture start at the beginning of the 80s. They are a by-product of the coconut industry in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and other states.
The coconut fibers are a natural substance with high concentration of lignin and really low contents of weight humin acids, such as fulvic and chematomic acids (lending the brown color of the running out water). The material is with a fiber structure, ensuring the high capacity for water and air retention.
Coconut fibers application
Plants hydroponic growing
Growing green areas on terraces and balconies
Planting green areas and construction of sports terrains
Distinctive characteristics of the Coconut fibers
Fully organic and ecologically – friendly
Permitted for bio-agriculture
High capacity for water retention – less need for watering
Slow water permeation
Improving the aeration and the soil’s microbiological activity
Supporting the development of a strong root system
Slowly biodegrading – from 8 to 10 years
Four times lighter than the soil
Neutral рН- 5,5 – 6,5
Today the coconut fibers or the so called coco peat make their way as an alternative to the widely used peat, as a result of the following advantageous qualities there of:
Comparison between the Coconut Fibers and the ordinary PEAT
5,5 – 6,5
Perfect рН for plants.
3,5 – 4,5
Mandatory add limestone.
Water absorption capacity
They quickly absorb about 9 times more water than the own volume thereof due to their porous structure.
It slowly absorbs about 3-5 times more water than the own volume thereof, depending on the place of its origin and its quality.
Water retention capacity
Due to their porous structure the coconut fibers retain up to 78 % water.
The peat retains too little water, due to which it should be watered quite more often.
The fibre structure provides for excellent aeration.
Perlite is usually added for improving the aeration.
No need to be added.
Moisture-absorbent should be added if peat is used.
The coconut fibers in case of plants’ hydroponic growing
The coconut fibers are widely used worldwide for the hydroponic growing of types of crops, such as: tomatoes, cucumbers, pepper, zucchini, strawberries, carnations, roses, gerbera, chrysanthemum, etc.
They are used as an alternative to the stone wool and perlite, because:
They have no negative impact on the environment.
After the period of growing certain crop, the coconut fibers can be easily disposed in the soil, thus improving the structure and water retention thereof. In comparison the stone wool and perlite should be mandatory hauled to a waste treatment depot.
When using coconut fibers the temperature around the root is 1 – 2 degrees higher;
Excellent quality and high yield of vegetables and blossoms.
The high water retention capacity and excellent drainage ensure a buffer zone for the nutrients.
Production of crops and flowers in one and the same coconut sleeve.
In case of growing vegetables the coconut sleeves can be used up to three crops.
In case of growing roses, gerbera and other flowers, the use period may reach 5 – 6 years.
The coconut fibers as an improving substance for the production of soil mixtures
Seedlings – the content of coconut fiber is up to 10%
Vegetable – growing – the contents of coconut fibers is from 20 % to 30 %, depending on the season and place of growing;
In case of planting green areas – up to 10 % in the soil, where the root system develops;